quinta-feira, 18 de fevereiro de 2021

História da Botânica- Vida e obra de Lineu e links


Carolus Linnaeus (também Carl von Linné, 1707-1778) foi um botânico, médico e zoólogo sueco cujo trabalho lançou as bases da sistemática e nomenclatura biológica moderna. Muito antes de Lineu, a ciência clássica foi importante na formação da ciência subsequente no Ocidente. Transmitida pelas culturas da área mediterrânea, a ciência clássica foi recuperada durante o Renascimento e a Revolução Científica que se seguiu, e alicerçou a busca de um novo sistema botânico. Com base no trabalho de seus predecessores e contemporâneos, Linnaeus desenvolveu um sistema coerente para descrever, classificar e nomear organismos. Os alunos de Linnaeus viajaram pelo mundo para explorar e coletar informações e espécimes. Aspectos do sistema de Lineu permitiram que amadores e profissionais em todo o mundo identificassem, nomeassem e descrevessem plantas por mais de dois séculos.

Para saber mais:

Pre-Linnaean botany
Materia Medica Mediterranea is a forthcoming database dealing with medicinal plants in the ancient Mediterranean world and resulting from 25 years of research into ancient books in libraries throughout the world by Alain Touwaide.

Maps of the Mediterranean world

Linnaeus

In addition to the Strandell Collection of Linnaeana, there are several other collections of Linnaean material of possible interest to researchers.

The library of The Linnean Society of London holds Linnaeus' own collections of plant and animal (fish, insects, shells) specimens as well as his personal library (books, manuscripts, correspondence).

The Institut de France, Paris, holds the plant specimens that Linnaeus collected in Lapland.

The Natural History Museum in London holds several collections of plant specimens and drawings consulted by Linnaeus.

The Botanical Museum at Uppsala University, Sweden (now Botany Section of the Museum of Evolution), contains plant specimens consulted by Linnaeus.

The University Libraries at Kansas State University, in Manhattan, Kansas, hold the Mackenzie Linnaeana collection, formerly at the New York Horticultural Society, which consists of books and dissertations.

A short biography of Linnaeus can be found at the Web site of the Department of Systematic Botany, Uppsala University.

A brief biography, plus a portrait and a synopsis of his scientific thought, can be found at the Museum of Paleontology, University of California, Berkeley site.

Information on the Linnaean herbarium at the Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm, is available.

The Linnaeus Link project is an international collaboration based at The Natural History Museum in London. The project aims to improve access to Linnaean collections in a number of institutions through the creation of an on-line union catalogue of Linnaean material on the Web.

The Linnaean Society of New York was founded in 1878 as a natural history society and serves interested amateurs and professional scientists. Their public lectures, meetings and membership are open to persons with an active interest in ornithology, natural science and conservation, with a focus on the northeast United States. In the spirit of the society's namesake Carl Linnaeus, they maintain several funds promoting field work and scientific research and they also grant awards.

The Herbarium at Moscow State University has a Linnaean Collection.

Available on the Hunt Institute's Web site are databases of the index and the bibliography from Robert W. Kiger, Charlotte A. Tancin and Gavin D. R. Bridson's Index to Scientific Names of Organisms Cited in the Linnaean Dissertations together with a Synoptic Bibliography of the Dissertations and a Concordance for Selected Editions (Pittsburgh, Hunt Institute, 1999) and the Index to Bionomials Cited in the First Edition of Linnaeus' Species Plantarum.

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