quarta-feira, 28 de outubro de 2020

Amazónia: Fundos norte-americanos financiam violações dos direitos indígenas

Um relatório da APIB e da Amazon Watch aponta as ligações a empresas no Brasil associadas a ataques e violações de direitos em territórios indígenas. Quase metade dos 18 mil milhões de dólares aplicados nessas empresas têm origem no megafundo de investimento BlackRock.



Um relatório da Articulação dos Povos Indígenas do Brasil (APIB) e a Amazon Watch revela que existe uma rede internacional diretamente ligada a empresas implicadas em violações de direitos indígenas e conflitos nos seus territórios, no Brasil.

O relatório, intitulado “Cumplicidade na Destruição III- Como corporações globais contribuem para violações de direitos dos povos indígenas da Amazónia Brasileira”, mostra que seis instituições financeiras norte-americanas (BlackRock, Citigroup, JP Morgan Chase, Vanguard, Bank of América e Dimensional Fund Advisors) investiram mais de 18 mil milhões de dólares, entre 2017 e 2020, em empresas cujo objetivo é o envolvimento em invasões, desmatamento e violações dos direitos dos indígenas da Amazónia.

A estratégia foca-se em três setores estratégicos: a mineração, o agronegócio e a energia. Alguns das situações de conflito são as que envolveram as empresas de mineração Vale, Anglo American e Belo Sun; empresas do agronegócio como a Cargill, JBS e a Cosan/Raízen; ou empresas da área energética como a Energisa Mato Grosso, Equatorial Energia Maranhão e Eletronorte. Os estados abrangidos foram o Pará, Maranhão, Mato Grosso, Amazonas e Roraima.

O advogado da APIB, Eloy Terena, refere que “o fluxo de investimentos estrangeiros para empresas que atuam no Brasil se expandiu em uma intrincada rede internacional. Na cadeia desses projetos, os povos indígenas são tratados muitas vezes como um «entrave para o desenvolvimento», e as suas terras são invadidas, ocupadas, saqueadas e destruídas”.

Para Eloy Terena, “esses conflitos materializam-se na pressão pela abertura de novas frentes de exploração nos territórios indígenas, levando a ataques diretos de grileiros e outros invasores, junto com o sistemático desrespeito à legislação que protege as terras e direitos indígenas”.

Segundo dados da APIB e da Amazon Watch, a maior gestora de ativos do mundo, a BlackRock, possui investimentos em 9 das 11 empresas identificadas no relatório. Só a BlackRock detém 8,2 mil milhões de dólares em ações e títulos de empresas como a Vale, Cargill, JBS ou Energisa.

Mesmo com as medidas adotadas no início do ano para evitar investimentos que ataquem o ambiente e o clima, a BlackRock não tem aplicado estas diretrizes e continua a atacar os povos indígenas do Brasil. A empresa norte-americana também não se tem comprometido a pressionar as empresas brasileiras para acabar com o desmatamento da Amazónia.

A segunda maior gestora de ativos, a Vanguard, detém ações e títulos em 8 das 11 empresas do relatório, num total de 2,7 mil milhões de dólares. Inclusive, o investimento da JP Morgan Chase tem um Marco de Política Socioambiental que inclui um compromisso específico com a proteção dos direitos dos indígenas, mas não é cumprido.

Christian Poirier, diretor de programas da Amazon Watch, refere que “as investigações realizadas apontam que grandes empresas do setor financeiro como a BlackRock, Vanguard ou JP Morgan Chase estão usando o dinheiro dos seus clientes para permitir ações hediondas de empresas ligadas a violações de direitos indígenas e à devastação da floresta amazónica” e acrescenta que “esta cumplicidade do setor financeiro com a destruição contradiz os compromissos com o clima e os direitos humanos apregoados por algumas dessas empresas”.

Em 2019, a Enersiga Mato Grosso foi indiciada pelo Ministério Público Federal por fornecer eletrificação rural a posseiros ilegais que vêm promovendo invasões em território indígena Urubu Branco, desde 1998.

Por sua vez, a empresa de mineração Belo Sun tem 11 processos de pesquisa em análise na Agência Nacional de Mineração que ameaçam diretamente as terras indígenas Arara da Volta Grande do Xingu e Trincheira Bacajá, no Pará. Também a Vale tem centenas de requerimentos para explorar dentro de terras indígenas, como por exemplo no Rio Pindaré, Mãe Maria, Xikrin e Arariboia.

Acha que já sabe tudo sobre inteligência artificial? Pense melhor...

A Inteligência Artificial já faz parte do dia a dia de muitas pessoas e empresas. Mas os perigos podem ultrapassar os benefícios, revelando um lado perverso e alarmante.

Fonte: Observador

Imagine que está a chegar a casa, depois de mais um dia no escritório que terminou com uma ida ao dentista. Estaciona longe de casa, chove a cântaros, mas recebe a notificação urgente para uma reunião de última hora, via Zoom, com o diretor-geral que está em Boston. Tem de correr.

Chega à porta da moradia e diz a senha à assistente virtual que controla o sistema de domótica. A porta não se abre. Repete a senha. E a assistente continua a dizer: “Repita, por favor.” Mas, o que se passa aqui? O efeito da anestesia que levou no dentista não o deixa articular a senha corretamente e você continua à chuva.

Este episódio, baseado em fatos reais, ilustra bem um dos perigos da nossa interação com máquinas autónomas. A tecnologia de reconhecimento vocal é, de facto, uma das mais importantes na área da inteligência artificial, e vai conhecer enormes desenvolvimentos nos próximos anos, permitindo-nos controlar muitas funcionalidades do nosso dia a dia.

Desde as , como a Alexa ou a Echo, aos sistemas de domótica inteligente, da agricultura até a exploração espacial, os sistemas de Inteligência Artificial aumentam as capacidades humanas através do poder da computação para níveis nunca vistos. Além disso, esta tecnologia tem sido fundamental nos avanços da ciência em geral, na medicina e biologia em particular, ajudando a desenhar soluções para alguns dos maiores desafios globais.

É importante sublinhar que o conceito de Inteligência Artificial surgiu muito, muito antes do primeiro computador. Crê-se que Aristóteles terá sido o primeiro filósofo a questionar sobre a possibilidade de atribuir inteligência a objetos. Estaria a pensar numa vassoura?

Numa das obras mais antigas da literatura, a Epopéia de Gilgamesh, um dos personagens é um humano artificial, criado pelos deuses para rivalizar com o protagonista. Esta ideia também ocorre na cultura judaica, através do Golem, um ser com forma humana, mas sem alma.

A inteligência artificial corresponde a um ramo da ciência da computação que se dedica à investigação sobre formas de replicar a inteligência do ser humano em máquinas, tornando-as capazes de realizar tarefas que, normalmente, exigem competências humanas. As funções programáveis mais comuns ​​de sistemas de Inteligência Artificial incluem aprendizagem, raciocínio, planeamento, solução de problemas e tomada de decisão.

O tema foi muito explorado durante todo o século XX, a partir das pesquisas conduzidas por cientistas e matemáticos na década de 1950. O mais influente e notável foi Alan Turing, considerado um dos pais da ciência da computação e da inteligência artificial. Ele criou um teste para avaliar a capacidade de uma máquina exibir comportamento inteligente equivalente ao de um ser humano, tornando impossível distinguir um do outro.

Para explicar o teste de Turing num tweet, diria que se uma pessoa conversar com uma máquina durante cinco minutos sem perceber que ela não é humana, o computador passa no teste. Basicamente, trata-se de saber se uma inteligência artificial pode ser tão inteligente ao ponto de enganar um ser humano.

É precisamente nesta perda de controlo que se baseia o novo thriller da FOX, tão assustador quanto realista, sobre o poder maléfico da Inteligência Artificial. Chama-se e tem estreia marcada para dia 2 de novembro, em episódio duplo, às 22h15, na FOX. No centro da ação, Paul LeBlanc (John Slattery), um pioneiro de Silicon Valley, e Shea Salazar (Fernanda Andrade), uma agente especial do FBI na luta contra o cibercrime, vão envolver-se numa trama intensa e cheia de suspense, criada por Manny Coto, argumentista premiado da série “24”.

A partir das preocupações levantadas por Stephen Hawking e Elon Musk acerca dos riscos da Inteligência Artificial, a série conta a história da primeira crise mundial de Inteligência Artificial, provocada por uma Assistente Virtual, rebelde e desonesta, com capacidade para se aperfeiçoar continuamente. Além das cenas de cortar a respiração e da análise concreta sobre o modo como deixamos a tecnologia invadir as nossas vidas, introduz um novo tipo de vilão cibernético que tem nas próprias pessoas a sua maior arma.

O enredo de NEXT promete encontrar formas inteligentes de ilustrar toda a amplitude de capacidades da Inteligência Artificial, no seu lado mais negro, com pessoas a correr, assustadas, sempre a olhar pelo canto do olho à procura das câmaras de segurança com leds vermelhos a piscar. A não perder, em novembro, na FOX.

Saiba por que devemos pensar duas vezes antes apostar no hidrogénio em Portugal


Neste video procurei avaliar ponto por ponto a eficácia do Plano Nacional de Hidrogénio no objetivo de descarbonização. Cheguei à conclusão que tem bastantes fragilidades, existindo mesmo uma mediatização injustificada do plano por parte do governo, que não está em consonância com os reais resultados que pode atingir a nível de descarbonização.
Links Uteis:
Plano Nacional de Hidrogénio: https://dre.pt/application/conteudo/1...
Manifesto anti-hidrogénio: https://tertuliaenergia.pt/
Portada: Consumo de energia primaria por fonte: https://www.pordata.pt/Portugal/Consu...
Publicação da Transportes & Environment comparando a viabilidade económica de camiões elétricos a baterias vs hidrogénio: https://www.transportenvironment.org/...
Video do Canal Youtube “Real Engineering” sobre a eficácia dos veículos elétricos a hidrogénio:
Video do canal Youtube “Just Have a Think” sobre um projeto em Inglaterra de armazenamento de energia recorrendo a liquidificação de ar:
Video do canal Youtube “TomoNews Sci & Tech ” sobre um projeto na Alemanha de armazenamento de energia recorrendo a baterias de fluxo:
Videos do canal Youtube “CNBC ” sobre a armazenamento de energia com origem em fontes renováveis.

terça-feira, 27 de outubro de 2020

El dinero te vigila

Cada vez que usamos Internet cedemos inconscientemente parte de nuestra soberanía personal a un poder opaco, sin límites ni fronteras. La socióloga Shoshana Zuboff ha puesto nombre a ese fenómeno en un libro llamado a marcar época: 'La era del capitalismo de la vigilancia'


Facebook llegará a conocer todos los libros, todas las películas, todas las canciones que usted, lector de estas líneas, haya consumido en su vida, larga o corta. La información de la que dispone la empresa informática servirá para deducir a qué bar irá usted cuando llegue a una ciudad extraña, un bar en el que el camarero ya tendrá preparada su bebida favorita. Ello lo pronostica el creador y director ejecutivo de Facebook, Mark Zuckerberg, una de las personas más ricas del mundo, que la fundó en 2004. El presidente ejecutivo de Google, Eric Schmidt, no se queda atrás: “Si nos dais más información de vosotros mismos, de vuestros amigos, podemos mejorar la calidad de nuestras búsquedas. No nos hace falta que tecleéis nada. Sabemos dónde estáis, sabemos dónde habéis estado. Podemos saber más o menos qué estáis pensando”.

Ha nacido el capitalismo de la vigilancia. El 1984 de Orwell se queda antiguo.

Es como si un tiburón hubiera estado nadando silenciosamente en círculos bajo el agua del mar, justo debajo de la superficie en la que se estaba desarrollando la aburrida vida cotidiana, y hubiese saltado de repente con su piel reluciente, por fin a la vista de todos, para hacerse con un buen bocado de carne fresca. Con el tiempo ese tiburón ha revelado ser una nueva variante del capitalismo, desconocida hasta hace muy poco, una variante que se multiplica con extraordinaria rapidez y que se ha fijado el dominio como meta, la hegemonía respecto a otros capitalismos (comercial, industrial, financiero…), a través del conocimiento y monetización de nuestra pequeña existencia. Una forma de capitalismo sin precedentes se ha abierto paso a codazos, casi sin previo aviso, para entrar en la historia.
El dinero te vigila


El capitalismo de la vigilancia es, según lo define Shoshana Zuboff, profesora emérita de la Harvard Business School y autora del monumental libro La era del capitalismo de la vigilancia, la reivindicación unilateral, por parte de un selecto grupo de empresas provenientes de Silicon Valley, de la experiencia humana privada como materia prima para su traducción en datos. Estos datos son computados y empaquetados (del mismo modo que las célebres hipotecas subprime, origen de la Gran Recesión del año 2008) como productos de predicción y vendidos en los mercados de futuros de los comportamientos de la gente. Los servicios online gratuitos, las app que no cuestan nada, solo son un cebo, no un regalo que hacen media docena de empresas magnánimas creadas por jóvenes emprendedores, casi todos estadounidenses, divertidos y simpáticos, en nada parecidos a los grandes magnates encorbatados del pasado que posaban fumando un habano.



MÁS INFORMACIÓN


Lee un fragmento de 'La era del capitalismo de la vigilancia'

Capitalismo de plataformas: tres libros y un documental

A través de estos servicios digitales básicos comienza la extracción de datos de la vida de cada uno de los ciudadanos que utilizan Internet, la acumulación de sus comportamientos (cómo se visten, qué películas ven, qué comida engullen, los libros que leen, el deporte que practican, si son activos o jubilados…), que serán horneados para poner en bandeja un festín de predicciones listas para ser transformadas en dólares. Muchos de esos ciudadanos, desconocedores de esta realidad escondida, felices con la innovación tecnológica que hace sus vidas más cómodas, han abierto sin darse cuenta las puertas de sus casas y sus refugios más íntimos a estos monopolios que succionan nuestra información y con ella moldean nuestro futuro. El filósofo alemán de origen coreano Byung-Chul Han lo resume en esta certera frase: “Pienso que estoy leyendo un ebook, pero en realidad es el ebook el que me lee a mí”.

¿Le dice usted a su cónyuge que hoy le apetece comer paquetitos de pato crujiente con salsa hoisin y poco después, casi instantáneamente, aparecen en su teléfono móvil diversos mensajes de restaurantes chinos que se los pueden proporcionar?, ¿organiza el viaje familiar anual a San Petersburgo y Moscú, y le llueven las ofertas sobre el viaje, alojamiento y compras que puede hacer?, ¿mira en el ordenador, en la tableta o en el móvil un anuncio de camisas vaqueras que le gustan y la publicidad de las páginas web que visita habitualmente se llena de pantalones, parkas, gorras, zapatillas del mismo estilo? Este es el resultado del capitalismo de la vigilancia. Evgeny Morozov, un ensayista bielorruso experto en tecnología, que ha escrito una larguísima (y a veces despiadada) crítica al libro de Zuboff que a su vez es casi otro libro (Los nuevos ropajes del capitalismo), dice en ella: se nos está engañando por partida doble; en primer lugar, cuando hacemos entrega de nuestros datos a cambio de unos servicios relativamente triviales y, en segundo lugar, cuando esos datos después son utilizados para personalizar y estructurar nuestro mundo de una manera que no es transparente ni deseable. Se pierde cualquier atisbo de soberanía personal.

La nueva tiranía no necesita golpes de Estado. Se basa en nuestra gran dependencia de la tecnología

La experiencia humana como materia prima gratuita para una serie de prácticas comerciales la mayoría de las veces ocultas de extracción, predicción y ventas. Este es el nuevo y creciente capitalismo de la vigilancia, que plantea enormes contradicciones a la “democracia de mercado” en la que estábamos instalados. ¿Qué supondrá este cambio fundamental para nosotros, para nuestros descendientes, para nuestras imperfectas democracias, para “la posibilidad misma de que exista un futuro humano en un mundo digital”? (Zuboff). Para desarrollar esas antinomias, la autora se apoya en el concepto de “tiranía” utilizado por Hannah Arendt; la tiranía como perversión del igualitarismo, porque trata a todos los demás como seres igualmente insignificantes: “El tirano manda según su voluntad e interés propio (…) como uno contra todos, y los todos a los que oprime son todos iguales, es decir, carecen de poder”. La tiranía del capitalismo de la vigilancia no requiere de golpes de Estado clásicos, ni del látigo del déspota, ni de los campos de exterminio nazis, ni de los desaparecidos, ni de los gulags del totalitarismo. Es una especie de golpe incruento, aparentemente indoloro y parasitario, pero que llega al fondo de lo que pretende, la dependencia masiva de las obsesiones que nos inyecta.

Este es un libro importante. La era del capitalismo de la vigilancia es un texto multifacético. Es de economía conductista, pero también de psicología, de tecnología o —esencialmente— de pensamiento político. Tiene que encontrar sus lectores en los intersticios de esas profesiones y no ser marginado por los científicos sociales acostumbrados a las disciplinas unipolares. Es una intensa llamada de atención a la posibilidad de un golpe de Estado desde arriba y permanente, no como un derrocamiento puntual del Estado, sino más bien como un sumidero de la soberanía personal (y por acumulación, del conjunto de la ciudadanía) y como una fuerza muy poderosa en la peligrosa deriva hacia la “desconsolidación” y la falta de calidad de la democracia, que actualmente amenaza a los sistemas políticos liberales. Sus actividades representan un desafío al elemental derecho al tiempo que tenemos por delante, que comprende la capacidad del ciudadano de imaginar, pretender, prometer y construir un futuro.

La era del capitalismo de la vigilancia. Shoshana Zuboff. Traducción de Albino Santos. Paidós, 2020. 910 páginas. 38 euros. Se publica el 29 de septiembre.

segunda-feira, 26 de outubro de 2020

America Is A Gun: A Poem That Is More Relevant Than Ever


America, the not-so-free country.
By Ariela Marie Adame Jun 20, 2016
University of Nevada, Reno



America the brave. America the free. These terms are ironically true in the most wrong of ways. In light of this week's recent events, I’ve come to terms with the idea that “America is a Gun."

I recently read a poem by Brian Bilston, titled “America is a Gun." This poem, although short, was terribly bittersweet. The raw honesty that came with this poem was shocking, as it referred to countries by how the world sees them. Australia is a kangaroo. England is a cup of tea. Scotland is a highland fling. Every single country noted in this poem had a positive connotation to it except for, you guessed it, America.


No action is a sin of omission, and by all means, America is the king of laissez-faire.

Do something. Or else we’ll forever be a Gun.

“It’s not a gun control problem; it’s a cultural control problem." — Bob Barr

Drug-resistant superbug thriving in hospitals hit hard by COVID-19

Fonte: National Geographic

OVER CHRISTMAS BREAK in 2015, Johanna Rhodes received a panicked email from a doctor working at the Royal Brompton Hospital, the largest heart and lung center in the United Kingdom. A horrid yeast was invading the skin of patients, spreading through the intensive care unit even though the hospital maintained extensive protocols for infection control.

“The doctor asked me to take a look … I thought, how bad can it be?” recalls Rhodes, an infectious disease expert at Imperial College London who studies antifungal resistance. Rhodes stepped in to help one of the world’s top cardiology hospitals identify the pathogen and clear it from the premises. The germ was Candida auris, little known at the time. What she saw stunned her: “You think COVID-19 is bad until you see Candida auris.”

Candida auris is a superbug, a pathogen that can evade drugs made to kill it—and early signs suggest the COVID-19 pandemic may be propelling infections of the highly dangerous yeast. That’s because C. auris is particularly prominent in hospital settings, which have been flooded with people this year due to the coronavirus.

The superbug sticks stubbornly to surfaces such as sheets, bed railings, doors, and medical devices—making it easier to colonize skin and pass from one person to another. Moreover patients who have tubes that go into their body, such as catheters or ones for breathing or feeding, are at the highest risk for C. auris infections, and these invasive procedures have become more common because of the respiratory failure associated with COVID-19.

“Unfortunately, there have been places where we’ve seen a resurgence of C. auris,” says Tom Chiller, head of the mycotic diseases branch at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. “We’ve also seen it get into some of the acute care hospitals and also into some COVID-19 units … the concern there is that once it sets up shop in a place, it’s hard to get rid of.”

Prior to its emergence in 2009, fungi in the genus Candida were best known for causing benign cases of thrush, a white overgrowth on the tongue or genitals. A few thousand C. auris infections have since spread to at least 40 countries where they’ve been tied to deaths in 30 to 60 percent of cases. By comparison, the coronavirus kills about one percent of the infected but has afflicted a larger number of people in a short timespan.

The worry is that if C. auris becomes more common in hospitals or the general public, it could bolster the growing crisis of superbugs, which already infect millions worldwide. Last year, the CDC classified C. auris as one of the biggest drug resistance threats in America. Now, though it’s too early to confirm a direct knock-on effect, the U.S. has recorded 1,272 confirmed cases of C. auris in 2020, a 400 percent increase over the total recorded during all of 2018, the most recent year with available data.

The real number is likely to be much higher, though, as the COVID-19 pandemic has halted much of the disease surveillance for C. auris at hospitals and because the germ can often colonize a person’s skin without generating symptoms.

Such superbugs may also be contributing to the tens of thousands of excess deaths occurring during the COVID-19 era. Hence why doctors around the world are sounding the alarm.

“How will we treat it?”

In 2011, Anuradha Chowdhary was working in her laboratory in New Delhi, when she received an unexpected pile of blood samples from two hospitals in the sprawling city. Mysterious fungal infections had sprouted in intensive care units and neonatal wards so Chowdhary, a professor of medical mycology at Vallabhbhai Patel Chest Institute at the University of Delhi, was recruited to identify the germ through genetic screening and to recommend the best drug for treatment. The results left her dumbfounded.

The yeast samples collected from the patients—known as isolates—weren’t in the identification system that microbiology labs use to track fungal infections, she says. “It was Candida auris. I had to ask: ‘What is C. auris?’”

The superbug had first been identified two years earlier in a patient's ear (“auris” is Latin for ear), but Chowdhary hadn’t seen it before. The biggest surprise was that all the specimens were resistant to fluconazole—the first-line drug for treating a variety of fungal and yeast infections. Since she and her group published their study on the New Delhi outbreak in 2013, researchers have learned that C. auris is nearly always resistant to this medication and the chemical relatives in its family—known as azoles. Some variants are also impervious to the other two main classes of antifungal drugs.

That’s why Chowdhary has now pivoted to address critically ill COVID-19 patients who were admitted to an ICU in Delhi and acquired candidemia, a Candida fungal infection in the bloodstream. In a small study published August 27, her team found 10 of 15 such patients had drug-resistant C. auris—which was likely acquired inside the hospital.

All the specimens could flout fluconazole, but four of the C. auris isolates were also resistant to amphotericin B, a second-line antifungal drug. Resistance to two classes of drugs is particularly concerning because India has limited access to the third option for antifungal treatment: echinocandins. Six of the patients died.

“Our worry right now is that we’re seeing published cases of patients with COVID-19 and other fungal infections, with people getting really sick and dying,” says Rhodes, as she and other clinicians in the U.K. face the coronavirus’s autumn surge. “We expect to see the same with C. auris.”

Both she and Chowdhary emphasize the importance of testing and contact tracing—key interventions in the control of COVID-19 that are also critical in the fight against the spread of C. auris. They’re pushing for patients to be routinely screened for the superbug, which involves collecting a skin swab, blood, or urine to test for the yeast’s DNA. After a patient tests positive for C. auris, a medical procedure known as susceptibility testing is done to determine if any of the three classes of antifungal drugs can alleviate the infection.

These tactics can help track the deaths caused by the superbug, a process that is often complicated because the germ tends to be acquired in hospitals among people who are already sick with something else.

“If we don’t identify it, then we don’t know if a patient is dying of COVID-19 or another infection,” Chowdhary says, but “if it’s resistant to drugs, how will we treat it?”

The pandemic duel

In 2019, the World Health Organization listed antimicrobial resistance as one of the top ten threats to global health. The agency’s fear is that humanity is returning to a time when easily treatable infections—such as tuberculosis and gonorrhoea—can no longer be kept under control.

The global overuse of antimicrobial drugs on farm animals and in human medicine has been pegged as a cause for the emergence of superbugs. But looking ahead, Ramanan Laxminarayan, founder and director of the Center for Disease Dynamics, Economics & Policy in Washington, D.C., says he and other researchers are concerned about the role climate change will play in the spread of fungal infections.

Researchers are concerned about the role climate change will play in the spread of fungal infections.

A research review published last year in mBio, a journal of the American Society of Microbiology, suggests that C. auris “may be the first example of a new fungal disease emerging from climate change.” When humans suffer from infections, we tend to develop fever as a defense. The hot temperatures help kill off the germs, in a concept known as the mammalian thermal restriction zone. The report argues that as fungal species like C. auris adapt to higher environmental temperatures due to global warming, they may breach this thermal defense. That means in the future we may not only see existing fungal infections spread, but new ones taking hold in humans.

“Fungal resistance could be as dangerous as antibiotic resistance,” Laxminarayan says, hinting at superbug bacteria such as Clostridioides difficile or multidrug-resistant tuberculosis. Those potent bacteria account for 99 percent of the 2.8 million superbug infections reported every year in the U.S., which leads to approximately 35,000 deaths.


India has long been viewed as a hotbed of drug-resistance, and now the nation has become Asia’s epicenter for COVID-19. Back in New Delhi, half of Anuradha Chowdhary’s laboratory staff have recently tested positive for COVID-19. Two have died. Despite the personal hardship, she is grateful that people are waking up to the danger C. auris poses.

“Everyone initially thought this was an India-centric problem—that it wasn’t their problem,” she says. “I was struggling and working alone but I’m glad now that the world is working on it. Fungal infections shouldn’t be neglected.”

Global Great Depression and Population Reduction by 2030 - MIT and Club of Rome Prophecy

As tyranny continues its march out into the open, it is increasingly becoming cloaked in green.

 

Under the guise of saving humanity, a chorus of recent announcements within elite circles, think-tanks, educational institutions, and the halls of science are calling for drastic measures to stop the planet's inevitable implosion from an overshot carrying capacity.

United Nations policy paper recently outlined the building blocks for a world government that would enforce a "heavy-handed" approach toward humanity's impact on the environment, as this new epoch of The Anthropocene Age has begun to negatively alter the planet in irrevocable ways.

A rather infamous book, from a rather infamous group called The Club of Rome, is making a reappearance as humanity hurtles toward demise if its stewardship is not turned over to technocrats.

 

Limits to Growth (1972) is nothing short of a blueprint for population reduction and neo-feudalism; or, as Yale economist Henry Wallich stated at the time of its release, its implementation means "consigning billions to poverty."

It appears that this plan has been green-lighted by the elite, as recent MIT research validates the conclusions drawn by Limits to Growth at this crucial time when we see the world economy imploding, and a jack-booted green police ready to hit the streets. According to MIT, we are headed toward a guaranteed planet-wide economic collapse and "precipitous population decline" if we do not heed the words of The Club of Rome.

Austerity riots and suicides are filling the streets throughout Europe, as draconian measures are being taken to curb runaway debt.

 

This debt has provably been created by the Ponzi scheme of international bangksters who have employed a loan-shark framework that is only paying dividends to those in position to buy up deliberately collapsed assets for pennies on the dollar.

The global elite continue to ignore that the problems which have been generated across the globe have very little to do with true resource shortages, unsustainable economies, or overpopulation; but rather the centralized control, mismanagement, and outright theft by corporate entities using globalization as a means of reducing sovereignty and self-determination.

Resource-rich countries in places like Africa and those in the Middle East have long been targeted for plunder by colonialists and have never been rightly permitted to exist free of outside manipulation.

 

This stratagem has now entered the West, where we are seeing Europe looted in similar fashion, and the resulting strife is used to divide and rule. It is the coordinated agenda of a network of think-tanks, NGOs, and international financiers well-versed in the methods of divide and conquer that form the real government of the world.

When one begins to piece together the scope of this deliberate looting, and the inevitable call for solutions from the very same players who should be held responsible, one might conclude that any of their calls for intervention based on humanitarian ideals should be judged a complete scam.

At or near the center of a web which has been woven using academia, top economists, mainstream media propaganda, climatologists, anthropologists, NGO's, think-tanks and human rights groups - well meaning, and not-so well meaning - is The Club of Rome.

First, it is important to understand the genesis of The Club of Rome and its philosophy, as it might demonstrate an inherent misanthropy that should make us skeptical of their calls for sustainability, true equality, or the betterment for individuals who comprise the human race.
 

Problem-Reaction

The Club of Rome think-tank is likely to have been conceived in 1965 at David Rockefeller's estate in Bellagio, Italy at an international conference called "The Conditions of World Order."

 

Twenty-one "scholars, writers, and scientists" met to discuss the role of "intellectuals" in the formation of a new world.

It was their larger follow-up meeting of 75 people in Rome, 1968 when the group formally took the name, The Club of Rome, which has come to comprise the very top echelon within all fields relating to human development and politics.

Despite its trappings of being devoted to a better world for all mankind, it is overwhelmingly staffed by those born and bred from mega wealth, and those who have a stated worldview that is not compatible with many of the Club's purported goals.

This worldview was encapsulated in a follow-up book to Limits to Growth, called The First Global Revolution, which 21 years later laments and chastises the failure of wider humanity to aggressively implement the Club's previous suggestions, while openly touting manipulation as a way toward global unity.

There are many key passages in this book that give a clear indication of the mindset leading us through the present into the future, but a particularly striking section comes when they discuss the "limits of democracy:"

Democracy is not a panacea. It cannot organize everything, and is unaware of its own limits.

(...)

In its present form democracy is not well suited for the tasks ahead.

(...)

We overlook (psychologically speaking, we deny) our ignorance and say we lack the political will. The crucial need is to revitalize democracy and give it a breadth of perspective that will enable it to cope with the evolving global situation. In other words, is this new world we find ourselves in governable? The answer is probably not with the existing structures and attitudes.

(page 71-72, online edition)

This is an interesting statement in light of the one made by University of Oregon Professor, Kari Norgaard, who recently suggested that those who believe that man-made climate change is a hoax should be treated as mentally defective racists.

 

In a letter to Obama, she stated:

'Policymakers should not wait for public opinion to take necessary action,' she writes, adding, 'Public opinion does matter in a democracy, but this is a time when following it would be a serious mistake.'

(Source)

And of course, "policymakers" are very often not even the democratically elected governments themselves, but international institutions and councils - like the Club of Rome.

In order to justify such rapid movement taking place outside the framework of democracy, a threat so vast and so all-encompassing that mobilization against it must be swift and aggressive is to be sought.

 

The Club of Rome sought it... and they found it, by their own admission:

The common enemy of humanity is man. In searching for a new enemy to unite us, we came up with the idea that pollution, the threat of global warming, water shortages, famine and the like would fit the bill. In their totality and their interactions these phenomena do constitute a common threat which must be confronted together.

 

But in designating these dangers as the enemy, we fall into the trap, which we already have warned readers about, namely mistaking symptoms for causes. All these dangers are caused by human intervention in natural processes, and it is only through changed attitudes and behaviour that they can be overcome.

 

 The real enemy is humanity itself.

(page 75, online edition)


Solution

How is it that if these elite intellectuals truly care for the human race, we see the suppression of true alternative energy, the manipulation of climate science to achieve anti-human ends, and a centralization of power that has only lead to a runaway train of elite-induced death?

We are told of how vaccines will make us healthier when they kill and maim.

 

Without our knowledge or oversight, GMOs have been introduced to combat food shortages, when they are leading to mass starvation, suicide, and horrible consequences for human health and the environment; all while self-sufficiency based on organic principles has shown to be the consistent solution that could actually feed the planet and establish sustainable economies. And, of course, we are told that fiat, debt-based currency will lead to global enrichment, when it only has led us to our current age of austerity.

The all-encompassing problem faced by humanity on a global scale is indeed real.

 

However, the proven track records of those like the Club of Rome claiming the right to uplift humanity is dismal. In the foundational areas of human peace and prosperity - economy, health, environment, science, law, politics, and philosophy - these so-called elites have failed dramatically.

 

Due to the length of time their misdirection has been in effect, it would be unwise to dismiss this as an extended series of miscalculations that approaches statistical impossibility. Rather, it must be concluded that it is by design.

 

Once we draw that inevitable conclusion, their advice takes on new, much darker meaning; one that inspires us to say with confidence: the collective problem faced by humanity is collectivism itself, under the umbrella of a global administration with an agenda to deliberately collapse the economy and reduce the population.

As hard as it is to admit, the stated agenda by green global government for uplifting humanity cannot be the real goal - for how can the destiny of humankind be uplifted through reduced living conditions and extermination?

We are at the crossroads now, as humanity faces the apocalypse brought about by nihilists and misanthropes.

 

As the Club of Rome itself has stated:

The acceleration of critical trends and cross-impacts among them indicates that the ‘window of opportunity’ for pulling out of the present global crisis and breaking through to a more peaceful and sustainable world is likely to be no more than four to five years from the end of 2008.

 

This is close in time to the Mayan 2012 prophecy for the end of the current world. The period around the end of 2012 is likely to be a turbulent one for this and other reasons. Predictions coming from the physical sciences foresee disturbances in the geomagnetic, electromagnetic and related fields that embed the planet causing significant damage to telecommunications and impacting many aspects of human activity and health.

 

For the esoteric traditions the end of 2012 will be the end of the known world, although the more optimistic interpretations speak of a new world taking the place of the old.

(Source)

The time from 2012 until the threshold of 2030 is the time when humanity will face two divergent paths leading to this "new world:"

 

The first possibility is massive decentralization away from harmful bureaucratic and autocratic rule that has caused economic booms and busts, industrial and corporate cronyism and abuse, and neo-feudal serfdom; the second is a path down which we are dragged kicking and screaming through the collapse point prophesied for 2030, ushered in by the technocracy self-fulfilling a world that it wants to be fully born in 2052.

 

That world redefines what dystopia means for the average human subjected to its ultimately transhuman agenda.

Again, The Club of Rome describes the world of 2052 under its philosophy and esteemed leadership:

  • Redefining the values which effectively guide the development of society

  • Developing a new economy, both in theory and practice, so that,

    • natural and social capital are correctly valued

    • new financial markets deliver the goods and services mankind needs in and for a sustainable world

    • sufficient jobs are created to allow a decent income for all

  • Creating appropriate governance institutions on a global, national and local level

Its six goals to "shape" this future are:

  1. Societal values, which are essential for a sustainable and equitable society, are fully reflected in all economic decisions.
     

  2. The economies of the world reflect the value of natural and social capital, markets operate in a fair and transparent manner and deliver the goods and services required for a sustainable society.
     

  3. A more equitable distribution of income both within and between countries.
     

  4. Access to meaningful work, which provides enough income to lead a decent life, is guaranteed and recognized as an essential human right. Job generation has become a top priority for all investments, costs for unemployment are considered in decision-making.
     

  5. Ecology is seen as a binding constraint for all forms of human activity and is therefore managed in a manner which reflects its biophysical and economic value. Never should the world be in overshoot.
     

  6. Appropriate governance systems at a local, national and global level, which can manage the transition into an equitable and sustainable global world, are established.

Even if some of these guidelines seem attractive on the surface, we must always return to who is directing the implementation.

 

The systematic looting of individual wealth and production has been collectivized by the power elite with the intention of giving it back to humanity at a fraction of its initial worth - this is their track record with such initiatives as Agenda 21, and the world we currently see as we look around. It is the playbook of every tyranny that has ever disgraced the planet.

When we admit to ourselves that what elites state as the world they wish to see, versus the world they are bound to create based on their actions, then we have to admit that the conclusions drawn by MIT in support of the Club of Rome are not those they plan to avoid, but something they desire to use to assert further control. And it will take place a lot faster with them and their like in charge of all decisions.

We really are about to witness The First Global Revolution, and it is rooted in information and ideas.

 

Despite the challenges we face to alter our course from the one that has been chosen for us, there is one concept that we should take from their mission, for it represents the secret to all they have done so far:

"Change the Story - Change the System".

(Club of Rome)

Let's start telling a story that future generations will be pleased to hear, instead of the one we are currently forced to recount.
 

Additional Sources

 

domingo, 25 de outubro de 2020

Covid-19 não é uma pandemia, mas uma "sindemia". Porquê?


As mortes provocadas pela pandemia de Covid-19 têm sido provocadas pela conjugação das taxas crescentes de doenças crónicas, doenças infecciosas persistentes e falhas de saúde pública, de acordo com um estudo global sobre saúde humana. 

O surgimento e sobreposição da pandemia de coronavírus com um crescimento global continuado de doenças crónicas, como obesidade e diabetes, com riscos ambientais adicionados como a poluição atmosférica, exacerbaram a mortalidade por Covid-19.

O estudo Global Burden of Disease (que significa fardo global de doença) é o mais completo, do seu género, relata a agência Reuters. Foi publicado no jornal médico The Lancet e analisou 286 causas de morte, 369 doenças e lesões e 87 fatores de risco em 204 países e territórios para lançar uma perspetiva acerca da saúde da população mundial e o impacto da Covid-19. "A Covid-19 é uma emergência aguda na doença crónica", considerou Richard Horton, diretor do The Lancet. Horton caracteriza mesmo a situação que vivemos como uma "sindemia", que resulta de uma sinergia entre a pandemia de coronavírus e as altas taxas mundiais de obesidade, diabetes e outras doenças crónicas. 

O estudo concluiu que as principais causas de má saúde em pessoas com 50 anos ou mais em todo o mundo são cardiopatia isquémica, AVC e diabetes. Em pessoas mais jovens, entre os dez e os 49 anos, os acidentes rodoviários, o VIH/SIDA, dores de costas ou quadros depressivos eram dominantes. 

O aumento de doenças crónicas, combinado com uma falha do sistema de saúde pública para lidar com fatores de risco possíveis de prevenir, deixou populações vulneráveis a emergências de saúde como a pandemia do novo coronavírus. "A natureza 'sindémica' da ameaça que enfrentamos exigem que não só tratemos cada doença, mas também tem que ver com as desigualdades sociais que lhes dão forma", defende Horton.

Doenças crónicas como a hipertensão, elevado nível de açúcar no sangue, obesidade e colesterol alto que atingem milhões em todo o mundo tiveram um papel importante nas mortes causadas pela Covid-19 até agora: mais de um milhão. 

Estas condições de saúde, que são provocadas por dietas inadequadas e pouco exercício, "vão continuar a moldar a saúde em cada país depois do fim da pandemia", considerou o diretor do The Lancet.