terça-feira, 14 de junho de 2022

Documentário: Agricultura de Carbono

What is Carbon Farming?

If applied on a large scale, carbon farming could mean that the food system can actually produce more to feed the planet, while causing less pollution and boosting the Earth’s ability to remove emissions from the atmosphere. That’s why many governments are now promoting it as part of their climate action plans.

The EU, for example, has included carbon farming within its European Green Deal and Farm to Fork strategy. Within the plan, the European Commission will launch initiatives to help land managers and farmers shift towards these climate-friendly farming practices, as well as a regulatory framework to properly monitor and track how much carbon is being stored in carbon farms.

Australia has also promoted carbon farming through its Carbon Farming Initiative, a voluntary offsetting scheme that allows farmers to earn carbon credits by storing carbon and reducing emissions on land. These credits can then be sold to other businesses or individuals who wish to offset their own emissions, providing a financial incentive for the agricultural sector to move towards more sustainable practices.

But it is not the solution

Now, scientists are clear that while carbon farming is a good thing for the planet, it cannot be seen as the solution to fight climate change. Rather, it must be seen as one of the many measures that the world must use to bring down its emissions.

There’s a danger to promoting carbon farming through carbon credits, for example, with large companies often using these offsetting credits as a way to achieve “net-zero” without actually having to slash emissions from their own operations. It’s a warning that environmental NGOs like Greenpeace have made, with the organisation’s executive director Jennifer Morgan stating that there is “no time left for offsets” in a recent conference.

Greenpeace and other environmental NGOs have been critical of the disproportionate focus on offsetting programs, saying that these plans often assume that the impact of offsetting can be realised immediately, when in reality, it could take many years for the soil to be replenished to its full carbon storage potential.

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